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Justice luck in negligence law

O AVTORJU
Distinguished professor of law, University of California, Los Angeles (USA)
AVTOR
Mark F. Grady
SOAVTOR
TIP DOKUMENTA
Strokovni članki
KLJUČNE BESEDE
KEYWORDS
breach of duty, justice luck, legal luck, compliance luck, nondurable precaution, compliance error, forgiven negligence, lapse, precaution plan, stochastic tax, efficient negligence
NASLOV SEKCIJE
Discussion with Gregory C. Keating
SECTION
Revusov forum
PUBLIKACIJA
Revija Revus
ŠTEVILKA PUBLIKACIJE ABS
37
LETO
2019
ZALOŽNIK
Klub Revus - Center za raziskovanje evropske Ustavnosti in demokracije
POVZETEK
SUMMARY
U.S. juries possess the power to forgive even obvious negligence and frequently exercise it. Judges and courts facilitate this disposition of cases by regularly affirming juries’ decisions to forgive negligence. This practice creates a problem for corrective justice theories of negligence, which commonly assert that the purpose of negligence law is to repair harm. This reparative purpose is not achieved in the many cases in which juries forgive negligence. In addition, juries impose negligence liability on many acts and omissions that are not wrongs in any moral sense. Negligence liability is best understood, not as a moral system, but as a “stochastic tax.” Someone whose negligence has been forgiven by a jury has experienced “justice luck.”
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